Control Panel Detail
cPanel is a fully-featured web-based control panel that
allows you to manage your domain through a web interface.
The idea is to transfer as much of the control and responsibility
of managing your web site to you. You have the ability to
manage all aspects of email, files, backup, FTP, CGI scripts,
and web site statistics. Here are the feature details:
You can set up as many POP (Post Office Protocol) email
accounts as you require, up to your maximum limit. Each one of these is
in the standard email formation of firstname.lastname@example.org. As with your
default email address, you can access these accounts through NeoMail
or through your own offline email application.
You can read your online email using NeoMail. This popular
webmail script allows you to read your email, save them,
keep an address book, and perform all of the other basic
email functions that you are used to. The main difference
between NeoMail and an offline email applications, such
as Eudora or Microsoft Outlook Express, is that all of these
functions are performed online, rather than on your own
computer, and offline applications generally provide many
Any email that is sent to an unknown account at your domain
name, such as email@example.com, gets automatically
rerouted to your default email account. All web site accounts
are automatically assigned a default email address - firstname.lastname@example.org
- which you can change, if required
Note: You can enter :blackhole: to throw
away all incoming mail, or :fail: to bounce
the email back to the sender.
Auto-responders are email messages that are sent automatically
when an email arrives for a specific email account. Auto-responders
are most commonly used for an "Out of Office"
style message to inform your correspondents that you are
not available, without you having to reply manually. You
can have more than one auto-responder on one account.
Spam is the electronic version of junk mail, and has been
around since the Internet was created. Spam filters are
a way of filtering your email to remove unwanted mail based
on a variety of criteria. You can block any sort of email,
not just mail of a commercial nature. Blocked mail is deleted
automatically - it does not even bounce back to the sender.
Forwards simply allow you to automatically forward email
sent to one account to another account. This is useful when
you work at two separate locations, or have gone on holiday.
cPanel includes a popular mailing list script called Mailman.
Mailing lists are an ideal tool for communication between
far flung participants and can be about anything you want.
Mailman allows you to set up a mailing list with a large
number of configurable options, such as who is on the list,
where mailing lists messages are sent, and whether you include
welcoming messages to new subscribers.
cPanel manages your email through its own mail server. However,
by altering your MX (Mail Exchange Record) Entry you can
point your email to another mail server, if this is required.
Spam Assassin is a mail filter installed on a mail server
used to identify spam. It checks for spam using a large
number of pre-set rules that check the header, body, and
sender of all email messages sent to your domain mailbox.
For more information about Spam Assassin, refer to the following
Assassin - Spam Assassin web site.
Assassin rules - A list of all the rules that Spam Assassin
The Webalizer tool creates a graphical summary display of
usage of your site. This is useful to give you a quick and
clear overview of your web site activity.
Web / FTP Stats:
The Web / FTP Statistics area presents you with a wide variety
of information about your web site, from the latest visitors
to a detailed monthly summary of hits, as well as providing
an error log. Use the Statistics tools to keep track of
what pages are being visited most often, and where they
are being referred from.
The Analog reporting tools presents the most comprehensive
coverage of web server statistics available for your web
site using cPanel. Refer to the following links for more
information about the Analog tool:
documentation - All available Analog documentation.
reports - A detailed description of all available Analog
The FTP area deals with all the tools relating to setting
up and managing FTP accounts, as well as managing FTP sessions.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a method by which you can
transfer files between computers, usually using the Internet.
There is a huge amount of information stored on FTP servers
around the world which can only be accessed by using FTP.
When using FTP you use an application called a "client"
to connect to a machine called a "server".
There are a large number of FTP software packages available.
Some of them are built in to your browser (such as Internet
Explorer), others are dedicated applications (such as such
as CuteFTP or WS_FTP), while still others are built into
web applications (File Manager in cPanel is one example).
Generally speaking, if you are going to spend a lot of time
using FTP or have a large amount of files to upload/download,
a dedicated FTP client is the way to go.
Subdomains are a way of creating separate accounts within
your master account, which are accessed as separate URLs.
For example, you could set up a "timber" subdomain
on your master account "hardware.com", which would
be accessed as "timber.hardware.com". A lot of
larger businesses use subdomains to establish branding and
focus on separate product lines, because a subdomain creates
a separate URL and web presence. However, you do not create
a new cPanel when you create a subdomain. You still perform
most administration functions for the subdomain through
your master cPanel
The Advanced Menu area deals with a number of options that
you normally would not need to use very often, including
cron jobs, mime types, Apache handlers, and a number of
other useful tools. Generally you only need to use these
tools to perform unusual tasks.
SQL stands for Structured Query Language. SQL is a international
standard in querying and retrieving information from databases. mySQL
is essentially a SQL server - it responds to requests for information
that are written in SQL. You can communicate with mySQL using a wide variety
of programming languages (PHP being one of the most common). mySQL is
Open Source software and generally free for use.
Refer to the following links for more information about
FAQ - a good place to start.
and PHP tutorial - a good introduction to using the
two Open Source technologies together.
cPanel includes a web-based mySQL management tool called
phpMyAdmin. This tool allows you to manage all aspects of
your database structure and data. Refer to phpMyAdmin
documentation if you need to know more about using phpMyAdmin.